Cultural Developments and Interactions:
Although conflict dominated much of the 20th
century, many individuals, and groups – including states – opposed this trend.
Some individuals and groups, however, intensified the conflicts.
Pinochet = Led a military coup (rebellion) and took control of Chile in
1973. He was a ruthless dictator who many of his own citizens killed. He was
initially supported by the U.S. because he was a conservative, anti-communist
ruler, so the U.S. did not have to worry about Chile being communist under his
Franco = Fascist dictator of Spain. Took power following the Spanish Civil
War in the 1930s.
= President of Uganda from 1971-1979, he was a brutal dictator known as “The
Butcher” for all the people he ordered killed.
The buildup of the military-industrial complex
and weapons trading
LINK: Click here for Augusto Pinochet Article
Groups and individuals challenged many wars of
the century, and some, such as Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and
Nelson Mandela, promoted the practice of nonviolence as a way to bring about
Militaries and militarized states often
responded to the proliferation of conflicts in ways that further intensified
Some movements used violence against civilians
in an effort to achieve political aims.