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Ms. Kaya

MacArthur High School: (516) 434-7225 | Division Ave. High School School: (516) 434-7150

Ms. Kaya

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Presidential Laundry List

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Presidential Laundry List
Presidential Laundry List 
NOT all you should know - but the basic legacy of each
 
George Washington (1789 – 1793)
    1. 1781-1789 “Critical Period”
    2. Neutrality Proclamation
    3. Farewell Address
    4. Hamiltonian Bank – states’ debt
    5. Precedents
                                                              i.            Presidential Cabinet
                                                            ii.            2 terms in office
John Adams (1797 – 1801)
    1. XYZ Affair
    2. Alien and Sedition Acts
    3. Midnight Judges
Thomas Jefferson (1801 – 1809)
    1. “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists”
    2. “Revolution of 1800s”
    3. Repealed Alien and Sedition Acts
    4. Louisiana Purchase (1803)
    5. Chesapeake Affair
    6. Embargo Act
    7. Non-Intercourse Act
    8. Marbury vs. Madison
    9. 12th Amendment (1804) – due to election of 1796
James Madison
    1. “War Hawks”
    2. War of 1812 (Mr. Madison’s War)
                                                              i.            Nationalism
                                                            ii.            Industry
                                                          iii.            Westward Expansion
    1. Treaty of Ghent
James Monroe (1817 – 1825)
    1. Minister to France (1794)
    2. “Era of Good Feeling”
    3. Rush-Baggot Agreement
    4. Monroe Doctrine (1823)
    5. Missouri Compromise (1820)
    6. Manifest Destiny
                                                              i.            Louis and Clark (1804-1806)
John Quincy Adams (1825 – 1829)
    1. “Corrupt Bargain”
    2. Tariff of Abominations
Andrew Jackson (1829 – 1837)
    1. People’s President
    2. Whig Party
    3. Repealed Tariff of Abominations
    4. Ordinance of Nullification – SC
    5. Force Bill
    6. Ended National Bank
    7. Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
    8. Indian Removal Act (1830)
    9. Black Hawk War of 1832
    10. Problems with Texas (not yet a state)
    11. Selected Martin Van Buren as successor
Martin Van Buren (1837 – 1841)
    1. 1st president born in US
    2. Panic of 1837
    3. Independent treasury system
    4. Opposed slavery
    5. Refused to let Texas and Florida enter Union as slave states
William H. Harrison (1841)
    1. Former governor of Indiana
    2. Tecumseh and Prophet at Tippecanoe
    3. Whig party
    4. “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”
John Tyler (1841 – 1845)
    1. Opened trade with China
    2. US annexed Texas
James K. Polk (1845 – 1849)
    1. Dark Horse Candidate
    2. Walker Tariff
    3. Against National Bank and paper money
    4. Oregon Territory (1846)
    5. California
    6. Mexican – American War
    7. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    8. Wilmot Proviso
Zachary Taylor (1849 – 1850)
Millard Fillmore (1850 – 1853)
    1. Compromise of 1850
    2. Stricter Fugitive Slave Law
    3. Open trade with Japan
Franklin Pierce (1853 – 1857)
    1. Gadsden Purchase
    2. Ostend Manifesto
    3. Kansas – Nebraska Act
    4. “Bleeding Kansas” – Lecompton Constitution
James Buchanan (1857 – 1861)
    1. Dred Scott Decision
Abraham Lincoln (1861 – 1865)
    1. Lincoln – Douglas Debates
    2. Fort Sumter
    3. Civil War
    4. Emancipation Proclamation
    5. 10% Plan
    6. John Wilkes Booth – Assassinated in Ford’s Theater
    7. Homestead Act (18 62)
Andrew Johnson (1865 – 1869)
    1. 13th Amendment
    2. Johnson Plan
    3. Wade – Davis Bill
    4. Black Codes
    5. Civil Rights Act of 1866
    6. 14th Amendment
    7. Military Reconstruction Act
    8. Alaska – Secretary of State William Seward
Ulysses S. Grant (1869 – 1877)
    1. Credit Mobilier
    2. Ku Klux Klan
    3. Force Acts (1870; 1871)
Rutherford B. Hayes
    1. Compromise of 1877
    2. End of Military Reconstruction
James A. Garfield (1881)
    1. “Half Breeds” v. “Stalwarts”
    2. Gilded Age
    3. Compromiser
Chester A. Arthur (1881 – 1885)
    1. Beneficiary of Spoils System
    2. Pendleton Act (1883)
    3. Standardized Time Zones
    4. Strengthened navy
Grover Cleveland (1885 – 1889)
    1. Dawes Act (1887)
    2. Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
    3. Populism of the 1880s
                                                              i.            Farmer’s Alliance
    1. Supported lower tariffs
Benjamin Harrison (1889 – 1893)
    1. Lost popular vote; won electoral vote
    2. Dependent Pension Act
    3. Sherman Anti – Trust Act
    4. McKinley Tariff
Grover Cleveland (1893 – 1897)
    1. Gold Democrats
    2. Opposed annexation of Hawaii and unions
William McKinley (1897 – 1901)
    1. Imperialistic
    2. Manifest Destiny
    3. Spanish – American War (1898)
    4. Annexation
                                                              i.            Puerto Rico
                                                            ii.            Guam
                                                          iii.            Philippines
    1. Domination of Cuba
    2. Annexed Hawaii (1898)
    3. Open Door Policy w/ China
Theodore Roosevelt (1901 – 1909)
    1. Square Deal – 3 c’s 
    2. Panama Canal
    3. Big Stick Diplomacy
    4. Roosevelt Corollary
    5. Meat Inspection Act (1906)
    6. Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
    7. Hepburn Act (1906) 
    8. J. P. Morgan aided Knickerbocker Bank of New York
    9. Aldrich – Vreeland Act (1908)
    10. Nobel Peace Prize (1906)
William H. Taft (1909 – 1913)
    1. “Dollar Diplomacy”
    2. Interstate Commerce Act
    3. Publicity Act (1910)
    4. Became Supreme Court Chief Justice
Woodrow Wilson (1913 – 1921)
    1. “New Freedom”
    2. Underwood Tariff (1913)
    3. 16th Amendment
    4. 17th Amendment
    5. Federal Trade Commission (1914)
    6. Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)
    7. Child Labor Act (1916)
    8. 18th Amendment
    9. 19th Amendment
    10. Lusitiania
    11. Zimmermann Telegraph
    12. Fourteen Points
    13. Treaty of Versailles
    14. League of Nations
Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)
    1. Ohio Gang
    2. Red Scare
    3. Teapot Dome Scandal
    4. Four Power Treaty
Calvin Coolidge (1923 – 1929)
    1. Boston Police Strike (1919)
    2. Lowered national debt
    3. Limited immigration
    4. Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)
Herbert C. Hoover (1929 – 1923)
    1. Great Depression – Hoovervilles
    2. Bonus Army (1932)
    3. Agricultural Marketing Act (1929)
    4. Hawley – Smoot Tariff (1930)
    5. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (1932)
    6. Glass – Steagall Act (1932)
    7. Federal Home Loan Bank Act (1932)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945)
    1. 4 day holiday for Banks
    2. Federal Deposit Corporation
    3. Emergency Banking Act (1933)
    4. Economy Act (1933)
    5. Federal Emergency Relief Administration (1933)
    6. Civilian Conservation Corp (1933)
    7. National Industrial Recovery Act (1933)
    8. Tennessee Valley Authority (1933)
    9. Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933)
    10. Securities Exchange Act (1934)
    11. Works Progress Administration (1935)
    12. Social Security Act (1935)
    13. New Deal
    14. Court packing
    15. Neutrality Bills
    16. Pearl Harbor (1941) – “Day that will live in infamy”
    17. Lend-Lease Act (1941)
    18. Servicemen’s Readjustment Act – GI Bill of Rights
    19. Yalta Conference
    20. United Nations
Harry S. Truman (1945 – 1953)
    1. Potsdam Declaration
    2. Dropped A-bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    3. Fair Deal
    4. Fair Employment Practice Commission
    5. Executive Order #9981 – desegregated the military
    6. Taft-Hartley Act
    7. Truman Doctrine
    8. NATO (1848)
    9. Internal Security Act
    10. McCarthyism
    11. Marshall Plan (1947)
Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953 – 1961)
    1. Public works projects
    2. Brown v. Board of Education
    3. Massive Retaliation
    4. Domino theory
    5. Vietnam
    6. Flexible Response
    7. Fidel Castro rebellion in Cuba
John F. Kennedy (1961 – 1963)
    1. Youngest president
    2. Catholic
    3. Camelot
    4. New Frontier
    5. Peace Corp
    6. Bay of Pigs
    7. Cuban Missile Crisis
    8. Vietnam
    9. $1 billion for space exploration
Lyndon B. Johnson (1963 – 1969)
    1. Civil Rights Act
    2. Great Society
    3. Higher Education act
    4. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
Richard M. Nixon (1968 – 1974)
    1. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
    2. Man on Moon
    3. Environmental Protection Agency
    4. Water Pollution Act
    5. 26th Amendment
    6. Watergate Scandal
Gerald R. Ford (1974 – 1977)
    1. Pardoned Nixon
    2. End of Vietnam War (1975)
James E. Carter (1977-1981)
    1. Carter Doctrine
    2. SALT II
    3. 1980 Olympic Games
    4. Camp David Accords
Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
    1. Economic Recovery Act
    2. Reaganomics
    3. Sandra Day O’Connor
    4. Reagan Doctrine
    5. Iran-Contra affair
    6. End of Cold War (1989)
    7. Soviet-Union dissolved (1991)
    8. Operation Desert Storm (1991)
George H. W. Bush (1989 – 1993)
    1. Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
    2. North American Free Trade Agreement
    3. Clean Air Act
William J. Clinton (1993 - 2001)
    1. Perrot / Bush – (lame)
    2. Crime Bill
    3. Family and Medical Leave Act
    4. NAFTA legislation
    5. Impeached – Monica Lewinsky Scandal
George W. Bush
    1. Election problems
    2. World Trade Center (2001)
    3. War on Terrorism
    4. Afghanistan / Iraq – “Operation Shock and Awe”