1. colony - a territory located far from the country that has control over it.
2. colonist – a person or group who settles in a colony.
3. governor – a person who control a town or colony .
4. indentured servant – a person bound by contract to work for another for a fixed period of time.
5. rebels – people who want to overthrow the government.
6. slave – a human being owned as property by another, usually for life, and forced to work for that person.
7. tavern – an inn or meeting place.
8. tenant – a farmer who raises crops or livestock on land belonging to another in return for rent.
· The Dutch West India Company needed people in New Netherland to trade for furs and ship them back to the Netherlands.
· No one from the Netherlands wanted to go to New Netherland so they went to Belgium to look for colonists. In Belgium, there was a group of people called Walloons. The Walloons were treated badly in their country so they were glad to go New Netherland.
· In 1626, Peter Minuit became the first governor of New Netherland.
· He bought Manhattan from the Algonquians. He gave the Algonquians cloth, beads, tools and other items totaling about twenty-four dollars. The Algonquians did not believe they were selling Manhattan to Minuit. They didn’t believe that anyone could “own” land.
· After Peter Minuit bought Manhattan, it was named New Amsterdam for a city in the Netherlands. New Amsterdam would become present-day New York City.
The War Between the Dutch and the Algonquians:
· After Peter Minuit was governor of New Netherland, Wouter Van Twiller and Willem Kieft also were governor of New Netherland. All three governors made enemies of the Algonquians.
· The governors forbade the Native Americans to gather food or wood on land they had sold. If the Algonquians were caught “stealing” food or wood, they were cruelly punished.
· Governor Willem Kieft wanted the Algonquians to pay a tax to the Dutch government. The Algonquians thought the tax was unfair since they didn’t have a voice in the Dutch government.
· War broke out between the Algonquians and the Dutch. It lasted for three years and then they made peace in 1645.
· In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant became governor of New Amsterdam.
· He passed many strict laws including:
- Taverns were to close at 9:00 at night and Sunday mornings.
- Forbade anyone to throw garbage on the street.
- Animals were not allowed to run loose on the streets.
· Peter Stuyvesant had many positive contributions to New Amsterdam including:
- Gave New Amsterdam a free public school; fire department; a hospital; and a post office.
- Organized the first Police Department.