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Mr. Speranza

Mr. Speranza

Abbey Lane Elementary School: (516) 434-7400

Mr. Speranza : New York State Story Study Guide

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New York State Story Study Guide
 

Social Studies

The New York Story
Chapter 5 – Study Guide
 
Vocabulary:
 
1.    colony -  a territory located far from the country that has control over it.
 
2.   colonist – a person or group who settles in a colony.
 
3.   governor – a person who control a town or colony .
 
4.   indentured servant – a person bound by contract to work for another for a fixed period of time.
 
5.   rebels – people who want to overthrow the government.
 
6.   slave – a human being owned as property by another, usually for life, and forced to work for that person.
 
7.   tavern – an inn or meeting place.
 
8.   tenant – a farmer who raises crops or livestock on land belonging to another in return for rent.
 
First Colonists:
·        The Dutch West India Company needed people in New Netherland to trade for furs and ship them back to the Netherlands.
·        No one from the Netherlands wanted to go to New Netherland so they went to Belgium to look for colonists. In Belgium, there was a group of people called Walloons. The Walloons were treated badly in their country so they were glad to go New Netherland.
 
Peter Minuit:
·        In 1626, Peter Minuit became the first governor of New Netherland.
·        He bought Manhattan from the Algonquians. He gave the Algonquians cloth, beads, tools and other items totaling about twenty-four dollars. The Algonquians did not believe they were selling Manhattan to Minuit. They didn’t believe that anyone could “own” land.
·        After Peter Minuit bought Manhattan, it was named New Amsterdam for a city in the Netherlands. New Amsterdam would become present-day New York City.
 
The War Between the Dutch and the Algonquians:
·        After Peter Minuit was governor of New Netherland, Wouter Van Twiller and Willem Kieft also were governor of New Netherland. All three governors made enemies of the Algonquians.
·        The governors forbade the Native Americans to gather food or wood on land they had sold. If the Algonquians were caught “stealing” food or wood, they were cruelly punished.
·        Governor Willem Kieft wanted the Algonquians to pay a tax to the Dutch government. The Algonquians thought the tax was unfair since they didn’t have a voice in the Dutch government.
·        War broke out between the Algonquians and the Dutch. It lasted for three years and then they made peace in 1645.
 
Peter Stuyvesant:
·        In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant became governor of New Amsterdam.
·        He passed many strict laws including:
-      Taverns were to close at 9:00 at night and Sunday mornings.
-      Forbade anyone to throw garbage on the street.
-      Animals were not allowed to run loose on the streets.
·        Peter Stuyvesant had many positive contributions to New Amsterdam including:
-      Gave New Amsterdam a free public school; fire department; a hospital; and a post office.
-      Organized the first Police Department.